The objective of this research was to evaluate the efficiency of peat moss for lead and Zn recovery from alkaline leachates (pH 11.5) produced during decontamination of municipal incinerator fly ash. Tests carried out with peat moss columns (density of 0.13 g m l(-1)) gave very high removal yields for lead (98.9 to 100%) and Zn (98.4 to 99.8 %). The initial metal concentrations in the leachates were 126 to 138 mg Pb l(-1) and 14.4 to 23.5 mg Zn l(-1). The columns were fed using two rates (20 and 40 ml min(-1)), which correspond respectively to 17.6 and 8.8 min as contact time on peat moss. Adsorption efficiencies of 16 to 18 mg Pb g(-1) and 1.7 to 3.2 mg Zn g(-1) have been measured during this fly ash leachate treatment study. The adsorbed toxic metals can be desorbed using a chlorhydric acid solution. The peat moss can be regenerated and reused for several adsorption cycles without loss of the lead and Zn adsorption efficiencies.