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Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy: a new approach for nanoparticle's mapping and quantification in organ tissue.

Authors
  • Sancey, Lucie
  • Motto-Ros, Vincent
  • Kotb, Shady
  • Wang, Xiaochun
  • Lux, François
  • Panczer, Gérard
  • Yu, Jin
  • Tillement, Olivier
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of Visualized Experiments
Publisher
MyJoVE Corporation
Publication Date
Jan 01, 2014
Issue
88
Identifiers
DOI: 10.3791/51353
PMID: 24962015
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Emission spectroscopy of laser-induced plasma was applied to elemental analysis of biological samples. Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) performed on thin sections of rodent tissues: kidneys and tumor, allows the detection of inorganic elements such as (i) Na, Ca, Cu, Mg, P, and Fe, naturally present in the body and (ii) Si and Gd, detected after the injection of gadolinium-based nanoparticles. The animals were euthanized 1 to 24 hr after intravenous injection of particles. A two-dimensional scan of the sample, performed using a motorized micrometric 3D-stage, allowed the infrared laser beam exploring the surface with a lateral resolution less than 100 μm. Quantitative chemical images of Gd element inside the organ were obtained with sub-mM sensitivity. LIBS offers a simple and robust method to study the distribution of inorganic materials without any specific labeling. Moreover, the compatibility of the setup with standard optical microscopy emphasizes its potential to provide multiple images of the same biological tissue with different types of response: elemental, molecular, or cellular.

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