Recent genome size estimates for Arctic amphipods have revealed the largest genomes known in the Crustacea. Here we provide additional data for 7 species of caridean shrimp collected from the Canadian Arctic and the Gulf of St. Lawrence. Genome sizes were estimated by flow cytometry and haploid C-values ranged from 8.53 +/- 0.30 pg in Pandalus montagui (Pandalidae) to 40.89 +/- 1.23 pg in Sclerocrangon ferox (Crangonidae). The value for S. ferox represents the largest decapod genome yet recorded and indicates a 38-fold variation in genome size within this order. These data suggest that large genomes may be relatively common in Arctic crustaceans, and underline the need for further comparative studies.