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Landiolol does not enhance the effect of ischemic preconditioning in isolated rat hearts

Authors
  • Yu, Shuchun1
  • Katoh, Takasumi1
  • Okada, Hisako1
  • Makino, Hiroshi1
  • Mimuro, Soichiro1
  • Sato, Shigehito1
  • 1 Hamamatsu University School of Medicine, Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care, 1-20-1, Handayama, Hamamatsu, Shizuoka, 431-3192, Japan , Hamamatsu (Japan)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of Anesthesia
Publisher
Springer Japan
Publication Date
Jan 19, 2010
Volume
24
Issue
2
Pages
208–214
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1007/s00540-009-0852-2
Source
Springer Nature
Keywords
License
Yellow

Abstract

PurposeTo determine the effect of landiolol on ischemic preconditioned rat hearts.MethodsIsolated perfused rat hearts were divided into 8 groups. In the control group, there was no treatment before the 30-min global ischemia. In the landiolol infused groups, landiolol (100, 300, and 500 μM) was infused without ischemic preconditioning (IPC). In other groups, hearts were pretreated with 2 episodes of 5-min global ischemia and reperfusion before the 30-min ischemia. During the preconditioning, landiolol (0, 100, 300, and 500 μM) was infused.ResultsRecoveries of coronary flow (CF) and myocardial oxygen consumption (MVO2) at the 120th min after global ischemia to 86 ± 18 and 112 ± 19% of the baseline in the IPC group was, respectively, significantly greater than that to 65 ± 10 and 72 ± 10% in the control group. Landiolol 300 μM also increased the CF and MVO2 significantly (97 ± 19 and 98 ± 39%) compared to the control. IPC + landiolol 500 μM reduced the increase in LV end-diastolic pressure significantly compared to the control. IPC, landiolol (100, 300, and 500 μM), and IPC + landiolol (100, 300, and 500 μM) all decreased infarct sizes significantly to 23.5 ± 15.2, 29.8 ± 12.1, 30.2 ± 13.3, 22.8 ± 14.8, 21.6 ± 7.8, 34.2 ± 14.7 and 25.5 ± 11.3% of the total left ventricular mass, respectively, compared to the control (53.3 ± 12.5%), but there were no significant differences among these groups.ConclusionIPC and landiolol have cardioprotective effects on ischemia–reperfusion injury in isolated rat hearts, but pretreatment with landiolol does not enhance the cardioprotective effect of IPC.

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