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Lagrangian coherent track initialisation

  • Khojasteh, AR
  • Yang, Y
  • Heitz, D
  • Laizet, S
Publication Date
Aug 22, 2021
UPCommons. Portal del coneixement obert de la UPC


Advances in time-resolved three-dimensional Particle Tracking Velocimetry (4D-PTV) techniques have been consistently revealed more accurate Lagrangian particle motions. A novel track initialisation technique as a complementary part of 4D-PTV, based on local temporal and spatial coherency of neighbour trajectories, is proposed. The proposed Lagrangian Coherent Track Initialisation (LCTI) applies physics-based Finite Time Lyapunov Exponent (FTLE) to build four frame coherent tracks. We locally determine Lagrangian Coherent Structures (LCS) among neighbour trajectories by using the FTLE boundaries (i.e., ridges) to distinguish clusters of coherent motions. To evaluate the proposed technique, we created an open-access synthetic Lagrangian and Eulerian dataset of the wake downstream of a smooth cylinder at a Reynolds number equal to 3900 obtained from three-dimensional (3D) Direct Numerical Simulation (DNS). Performance of the proposed method based on three characteristic parameters, temporal scale, particle concentration (i.e., density), and noise ratio, showed robust behaviour in finding true tracks compared to the recent initialisation algorithms. Sensitivity of LCTI to the number of untracked and wrong tracks are also discussed. We address the capability of using the proposed method as a function of a 4D-PTV scheme in the Lagrangian Particle Tracking (LPT) challenge. We showed that LCTI prevents 4D-PTV divergence in flows with high particle concentrations. Finally, the LCTI behaviour was demonstrated in a jet impingement experiment. LCTI was found to be a reliable tracking tool in complex flow motions, with a strength revealed for flows with high velocity and acceleration gradients.

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