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Lactic acid promotes metastatic niche formation in bone metastasis of colorectal cancer

Authors
  • Qian, Jin1, 2
  • Gong, Zi-chen1, 2
  • Zhang, Yi-na2
  • Wu, Hong-hua2
  • Zhao, Jing3
  • Wang, Li-ting3
  • Ye, Li-juan2
  • Liu, Da2
  • Wang, Wei2
  • Kang, Xia2
  • Sheng, Jun2
  • Xu, Wei2
  • Liu, Xi-lin2
  • Wu, Juan2
  • Zheng, Wei1, 2
  • 1 Southwest Jiaotong University, North Section 1 No.111, Second Ring Road, Chengdu, 610000, People’s Republic of China , Chengdu (China)
  • 2 General Hospital of Western Theater Command, Rongdu Avenue No. 270, Chengdu, 610000, People’s Republic of China , Chengdu (China)
  • 3 Army Medical University, Chongqing, 400038, People’s Republic of China , Chongqing (China)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Cell Communication and Signaling
Publisher
BioMed Central
Publication Date
Jan 21, 2021
Volume
19
Issue
1
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1186/s12964-020-00667-x
Source
Springer Nature
Keywords
License
Green

Abstract

BackgroundTo investigate the effect of lactic acid (LA) on the progression of bone metastasis from colorectal cancer (CRC) and its regulatory effects on primary CD115 (+) osteoclast (OC) precursors.MethodsThe BrdU assay, Annexin-V/PI assay, TRAP staining and immunofluorescence were performed to explore the effect of LA on the proliferation, apoptosis and differentiation of OC precursors in vitro and in vivo. Flow cytometry was performed to sort primary osteoclast precursors and CD4(+) T cells and to analyze the change in the expression of target proteins in osteoclast precursors. A recruitment assay was used to test how LA and Cadhein-11 regulate the recruitment of OC precursors. RT-PCR and Western blotting were performed to analyze the changes in the mRNA and protein expression of genes related to the PI3K-AKT pathway and profibrotic genes. Safranin O-fast green staining, H&E staining and TRAP staining were performed to analyze the severity of bone resorption and accumulation of osteoclasts.ResultsLA promoted the expression of CXCL10 and Cadherin-11 in CD115(+) precursors through the PI3K-AKT pathway. We found that CXCL10 and Cadherin-11 were regulated by the activation of CREB and mTOR, respectively. LA-induced overexpression of CXCL10 in CD115(+) precursors indirectly promoted the differentiation of osteoclast precursors through the recruitment of CD4(+) T cells, and the crosstalk between these two cells promoted bone resorption in bone metastasis from CRC. On the other hand, Cadherin-11 mediated the adhesion between osteoclast precursors and upregulated the production of specific collagens, especially Collagen 5, which facilitated fibrotic changes in the tumor microenvironment. Blockade of the PI3K-AKT pathway efficiently prevented the progression of bone metastasis caused by lactate.ConclusionLA promoted metastatic niche formation in the tumor microenvironment through the PI3K-AKT pathway. Our study provides new insight into the role of LA in the progression of bone metastasis from CRC.DasE7LVW6tcKsMdapJmhMFVideo Abstract

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