The nuclear morphology of polyploidized cells was examined in V79 Chinese hamster cells polyploidized by demecolcine or K-252a, inhibitors of spindle fibre formation and protein kinases, respectively. A variety of nuclear morphologies, including multinuclei, were observed in V79 cells polyploidized by demecolcine but not by K-252a, which produced mononuclear cells. A lack of synchrony in the nuclear cycle was observed among nuclei in multinuclear polyploidized cells. Partial DNA fragmentation, defined as DNA fragmentation of a nucleus in a multinuclear cell, was detected using the TUNEL method in V79 cells polyploidized by demecolcine but not by K-252a. Apoptosis occurred earlier in cell populations treated with demecolcine than in these treated with K-252a once the drugs were removed from the medium, suggesting that polyploidized cells with separate nuclei tend to apoptose earlier than those with mononuclei.