The effect of moderate hypoxemia upon postural sympathetic vasoconstrictor reflexes in skeletal muscle was studied in five healthy young students, aged 20-30 years. The vasoconstrictor response to head-up tilt was studied in brachio radial muscle kept at heart level and in the anterior tibial muscle. The local sympathetic veno-arteriolar axon reflex was studied in the anterior tibial muscle placed at heart level and lowered 30-50 cm below heart level. Muscle blood flow was measured by the local 133Xe wash-out technique. The measurements were carried out with the subject breathing atmospheric air and with the subject breathing 10-11% oxygen. No sign of orthostatic intolerance was seen during hypoxaemia as arterial blood pressure remained constant in the tilted position. Hypoxaemia did not alter the head-up tilt induced vasoconstriction in brachio-radial and anterior tibial muscles. The vasoconstriction elicited by the local veno-arteriolar reflex was slightly reduced during hypoxaemia. The results suggest that central orthostatic vasoconstrictor reflexes to muscle are essentially normal during moderate hypoxaemia, but local veno-arteriolar reflexes are slightly attenuated. This does not, however, significantly alter blood pressure control during head-up tilt.