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Labyrinth Metasurface for Biosensing Applications: Numerical Study on the New Paradigm of Metageometries

Authors
  • Jáuregui-López, Irati1, 2
  • Rodríguez-Ulibarri, Pablo1
  • Kuznetsov, Sergei A.3
  • Quemada, Carlos1
  • Beruete, Miguel1, 2, 4
  • 1 (C.Q.)
  • 2 Multispectral Biosensing Group, Navarrabiomed, Complejo Hospitalario de Navarra (CHN), Universidad Pública de Navarra (UPNA), IdiSNA. Irunlarrea 3, 31008 Pamplona, Navarra, Spain
  • 3 Novosibirsk State University, Pirogova St. 2, 630090 Novosibirsk, Russia
  • 4 Institute of Smart Cities (ISC), Public University of Navarra, 31006 Pamplona, Spain
Type
Published Article
Journal
Sensors
Publisher
MDPI AG
Publication Date
Oct 11, 2019
Volume
19
Issue
20
Identifiers
DOI: 10.3390/s19204396
PMID: 31614489
PMCID: PMC6833032
Source
PubMed Central
Keywords
License
Green

Abstract

The use of metasurfaces operating in the terahertz regime as biosensor devices has attracted increased interest in recent years due to their enhanced sensitivity and more accurate detection capability. Typical designs are based on the replica of relatively simple unit cells, usually called metaatoms. In a previous paper, we proposed a new paradigm for ultrasensitive thin-film sensors based on complex unit cells, called generically metageometries or labyrinth metasurfaces. Here, we extend this concept towards biosensing, evaluating the performance of the labyrinth as a fungi detector. The sensing capabilities are numerically evaluated and a comparison with previous works in this field is performed, showing that metageometries improve the performance compared to metaatoms both in sensitivity and figure of merit, by a factor of more than four. In particular, we find that it is able to detect five fungi elements scattered on the unit cell, equivalent to a concentration of only 0.004/µm2.

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