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Label- and marker-free gene detection based on hybridization-induced conformational flexibility changes in a ferrocene-PNA conjugate probe.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
The Analyst
Publication Date
Volume
132
Issue
8
Pages
784–791
Identifiers
PMID: 17646878
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

We report a strategy for label-free and marker-free gene detection transducing the hybridization event to an electrochemical signal based on the hybridization-induced conformational flexibility change in probe structure. The probe structure was designed to possess a ferrocene moiety as a reporter part and a cysteine moiety as an anchor part at each end of a peptide nucleic acid (PNA) as a recognition part. Electrochemical examination of probe-modified gold electrodes revealed that the ferrocene moiety was placed at the flexible end of the linear probe chain. Upon hybridization with a complementary target DNA, the resultant rigid duplex restricted the ferrocene motion to the electrode surface, causing a decrease in the observed current. The target DNA was detected with the detection limit of 1.44 x 10(-11) M. Thus the probe functioned as a 'self-reporting probe' and detection of the target DNA was demonstrated without the need for external indicators. Moreover, the sensor electrode was able repeatedly to detect the target DNA by the process of regeneration and could discriminate a mismatched DNA.

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