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[Pulmonary oedema in scuba-diving: frequency and seriousness about a series of 19 cases].

Authors
  • Henckes, A1
  • Lion, F
  • Cochard, G
  • Arvieux, J
  • Arvieux, C-C
  • 1 Pôle anesthésie-réanimation-Samu, unité de médecine hyperbare, département d'anesthésie-réanimation, hôpital de la-Cavale-Blanche, CHU de Brest, boulevard Tanguy-Prigent, 29609 Brest cedex, France. , (France)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Annales francaises d'anesthesie et de reanimation
Publication Date
Sep 01, 2008
Volume
27
Issue
9
Pages
694–699
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.annfar.2008.05.011
PMID: 18674877
Source
Medline
Language
French
License
Unknown

Abstract

Pulmonary oedema in self-contained underwater breathing apparatus diving is an accident whose risk factors, conditions of occurrence and incidence are not well-known. The aim of this study was to evaluate the frequency, the risk factors and the evolution of this accident. Retrospective case study and prospective frequency study. Study covering the Brittany region and performed in two steps with distinct objectives: a review of cases diagnosed between 2002 and 2007, and a one-year study of cases reported by emergency physicians. Diagnosis was based on the history, a respiratory distress, auscultation and radiologic features. Nineteen cases were reported, of which one was recurrent. The mean age of patients was 49 years. Divers without heart disease were involved, as well as divers with hypertension (eight cases) or valve abnormalities (three cases). Stress and/or physical exertion were involved. Dyspnoea, cough and haemoptysis were the most common symptoms; in addition, two cases of cardiac arrest and three of loss of consciousness were observed. Chest radiography was unsensitive (normal in four cases), contrasting with abnormal thoracic CT scan in all cases. Symptoms resolved rapidly with oxygen, except for two divers who died. We identified five cases over one year, one of which lethal. This accident is not a rare event and may have serious consequences. Oldest divers submitted to stress and/or effort are at higher risk.

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