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Kuhmilchallergie und atopische Dermatitis: Studie untersucht mögliche präventive Wirkung einer partiell hydrolysierten Säuglingsnahrung

Authors
  • Traidl-Hoffmann, Claudia
  • Engelbert, Nicole
  • Zeiser, Katharina
Type
Published Article
Journal
Kompass Dermatologie
Publisher
S. Karger GmbH
Publication Date
Jan 18, 2024
Volume
12
Issue
1
Pages
28–30
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1159/000536234
Source
Karger
Keywords
Disciplines
  • Wissenstransfer
License
Green
External links

Abstract

The development of early-onset cow’s milk protein allergy and atopic dermatitis during the first months of life is multifactorial, including both genetic and nutritional aspects. This study aims to assess the impact of different feeding patterns on the incidence of cow’s milk protein allergy, atopic dermatitis, and growth among infants with a family history of allergy. A total of 551 high-risk infants were randomly recruited from 3 European countries in three feeding regimens: exclusive breastfeeding, partially hydrolyzed formula, or standard formula with intact protein either exclusively or supplementary to breastfeeding. During the first 6 months of intervention, amongst infants with a family history of atopic dermatitis, 6.5% of partially hydrolyzed formula-fed infants and 22.7% of exclusively breastfed infants (p = 0.007) presented with atopic dermatitis respectively. Growth as assessed by weight increase did not differ between the aforementioned groups. Although cow’s milk protein allergy was not related to the different milk feeding regimens in the whole cohort, when adjusting for high breast milk intake, the respective incident was significantly lower in the infants consuming partially hydrolyzed formula (p < 0.001). This data indicates that a specific partially hydrolyzed formula could serve as a more appropriate complement to breast milk compared to a standard intact protein formula in high-risk infants, to reduce the incidence of atopic dermatitis.

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