What does renewal mean in the context of the planting of the Free Evangelical Church in 1854? Heiser argues that the renewal draws upon a constructed ideal of the New Testament church. This ideal is used as an overall concept of renewal. In a setting of political and cultural change due to the industrial era combined with the movement of the Evangelical Brethren Society and influenced by the „Réviel“ rises a model of a community with voluntary membership and congregational-Presbyterian structure. Some systematical views on the understanding of scripture, faith, baptism, Eucharist and ministry point to the still ongoing ecumenical changes of the movement.