The kinetics of pH-induced formation and dissociation of vesicles self-assembled from a biocompatible zwitterionic diblock copolymer, poly(2-(methacryloyloxy)ethyl phosphorylcholine)-b-poly(2-(diisopropylamino)ethyl methacrylate) (PMPC- b-PDPA), was investigated in detail via a combination of stopped-flow light scattering and laser light scattering (LLS). Upon jumping from pH 2 to 10, stopped-flow light scattering reveals three distinct relaxation processes for the early stages of vesicle self-assembly (0-40 s). Kinetic sequences associated with the obtained three characteristic relaxation times have been tentatively proposed. Moreover, the kinetics of vesicle formation in the later stage (from 3 min onward) was investigated by dynamic LLS. It was found that both the intensity-averaged hydrodynamic radius, R h, and the polydispersity, mu2/Gamma (2), decrease exponentially, yielding a characteristic relaxation time of approximately 350 s. To our knowledge, this is the first report on the kinetics of the unimer-to-vesicle transition of a stimulus-responsive diblock copolymer. The kinetics of vesicle dissociation for a pH jump from 12 to 2 was also investigated. The breakdown of polymeric vesicles is extremely fast and is independent of polymer concentration; it is complete within approximately 5 ms and is in marked contrast to the much slower rate of vesicle formation.