For process design and optimization, it is essential to have a mathematical model that represents the system well. Many past studies do not go beyond empirically fitting experimental data. In the present study, an unstructured model incorporating oxygen uptake and dissolved oxygen concentration was developed for a continuous culture of L-lysine. Specific rate expressions of cell growth, substrate consumption, product formation, and oxygen uptake were developed and incorporated in the model. The model predicts very well the effects of operational parameters, such as the dilution rate and the feed substrate concentration. It is also able to predict the unsteady-state dynamics of continuous L-lysine fermentation.