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The kinetics of gasification of char derived from sewage sludge

Authors
  • Nowicki, Lech
  • Antecka, Anna
  • Bedyk, Tomasz
  • Stolarek, Paweł
  • Ledakowicz, Stanisław
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Publication Date
Sep 18, 2010
Volume
104
Issue
2
Pages
693–700
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1007/s10973-010-1032-1
Source
Springer Nature
Keywords
License
Green

Abstract

Gasification of char derived from sewage sludge was studied under different oxidizing atmospheres containing CO2, O2 or H2O. The gasification tests were carried out in thermobalance at different temperatures and oxidizing reagent concentrations. The most efficient were the gaseous mixtures containing oxygen. The reaction took place at temperature 400–500 °C, whilst in the case of CO2 and steam much higher temperatures (700–900 °C) were necessary to complete the conversion. Two rate models for gas–solid reaction were applied to describe the effect of char conversion on reaction rate. The shrinking core model for reaction-controlled regime was found to be the best for predicting the rate of char gasification in CO2 and O2 atmosphere. The experimental data for steam gasification of the char were fitted best by the first-order kinetics. The kinetic parameters estimated from the experimental data are in accordance with the literature for lignocellulosic char gasification and are the first published for sewage sludge char gasification.

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