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Kinematics approach with neural networks for early detection of sepsis (KANNEDS)

Authors
  • Cruz, Márcio Freire1, 2
  • Ono, Naoaki1, 1
  • Huang, Ming1
  • Altaf-Ul-Amin, Md.1
  • Kanaya, Shigehiko1
  • Cavalcante, Carlos Arthur Mattos Teixeir...2
  • 1 Nara Institute of Science and Technology, Takayama, Ikoma, Nara, 8916-5, Japan , Ikoma (Japan)
  • 2 Federal University of Bahia, Salvador, Bahia, 40170-110, Brazil , Salvador (Brazil)
Type
Published Article
Journal
BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
Publisher
Springer (Biomed Central Ltd.)
Publication Date
May 20, 2021
Volume
21
Issue
1
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1186/s12911-021-01529-3
Source
Springer Nature
Keywords
License
Green

Abstract

BackgroundSepsis is a severe illness that affects millions of people worldwide, and its early detection is critical for effective treatment outcomes. In recent years, researchers have used models to classify positive patients or identify the probability for sepsis using vital signs and other time-series variables as input.MethodsIn our study, we analyzed patients’ conditions by their kinematics position, velocity, and acceleration, in a six-dimensional space defined by six vital signs. The patient is affected by the disease after a period if the position gets “near” to a calculated sepsis position in space. We imputed these kinematics features as explanatory variables of long short-term memory (LSTM), convolutional neural network (CNN) and linear neural network (LNN) and compared the prediction accuracies with only the vital signs as input. The dataset used contained information of approximately 4800 patients, each with 48 hourly registers.ResultsWe demonstrated that the kinematics features models had an improved performance compared with vital signs models. The kinematics features model of LSTM achieved the best accuracy, 0.803, which was nine points higher than the vital signs model. Although with lesser accuracies, the kinematics features models of the CNN and LNN showed better performances than vital signs models.ConclusionApplying our novel approach for early detection of sepsis using neural networks will prove to be an invaluable, more accurate method than considering only simple vital signs as input variables. We expect that other researchers with similar objectives can use the model presented in this innovative approach to improve their results.

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