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The impact of HIV / AIDS on Kenya's commercial sector.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Aidscaptions
Publication Date
Volume
2
Issue
1
Pages
23–25
Identifiers
PMID: 12347576
Source
Medline
Keywords
  • Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome--Prevention And Control
  • Africa
  • Africa South Of The Sahara
  • Demographic Factors
  • Developing Countries
  • Diseases
  • Eastern Africa
  • Economic Factors
  • Employment-Based Services
  • English Speaking Africa
  • Hiv Infections--Prevention And Control
  • Human Resources
  • Industry
  • Kenya
  • Labor Force
  • Macroeconomic Factors
  • Morbidity
  • Mortality
  • Organization And Administration
  • Population
  • Population Dynamics
  • Private Sector
  • Programs
  • Research Report
  • Viral Diseases

Abstract

AIDSCAP is undertaking a project designed to encourage Kenya's private sector to participate in HIV/AIDS prevention efforts. Part of that project involves estimating the impact of HIV/AIDS on Kenya's commercial sector. AIDSCAP and Kenyan researcher estimates are based upon financial data from a sugar estate, a transportation company, a wood processing plant, a textile factory, and a light manufacturing company, a small sample representing the diversity of industries in the country. Most are medium-sized companies with 1200-2200 employees. Preliminary results suggest that absenteeism, training costs, and HIV-related health care will cause the greatest losses to Kenyan businesses. Projections show that the HIV/AIDS epidemic could increase labor costs for some Kenyan businesses by 17% by the year 2005. Despite increasing labor costs, however, the epidemic may not cause a significant drop in profits for larger, capital-intensive Kenyan businesses. Some companies could still find their profits cut by 15-25% within the next 10 years. Study findings and implications for workplace prevention programs are discussed.

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