MSCs can differentiate into cardiomyocytes in vitro and in vivo if a cardiomyocyte microenvironment is provided. 2. Cell-to-cell interaction is very important for the differentiation of MSCs into cardiomyocytes. 3. Jagged1 protein can activate Notch signal and enhance the differentiation of MSC into cardiomyocyte, while the effect can be inhibited by DAPT.