Affordable Access

Ivermectin, levamisole and thymic extract for chemotherapy and immunostimulation of visceral leishmaniasis in hamsters and mice.

Authors
  • Rifaat, L K
  • Mohammad, M A
  • Jawdat, S Z
Type
Published Article
Journal
Japanese journal of medical science & biology
Publication Date
Apr 01, 1989
Volume
42
Issue
2
Pages
51–61
Identifiers
PMID: 2561164
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

The anti-leishmanial activity of ivermectin, pentostam or combination of pentostam with either levamisole or thymic extract was tested against Leishmania donovani infection in hamsters and mice. In vitro peritoneal macrophage-parasite interaction, the effect of splenic cells on the interaction of macrophages and parasites, spleen weight, parasite burden in spleen tissue as well as the antibody titers using micro-ELISA were used as parameters for evaluating the efficacy of these chemotherapeutic regimens. Treatment with ivermectin and immunoenhancement with pentostam combined with levamisole gave best results in both animal models. Furthermore, regimens used in this work were all active in reducing phagocytosis of promastigotes by macrophages in vitro.

Report this publication

Statistics

Seen <100 times