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Isolation of endothelial-like stromal cells that express Kit ligand and support in vitro hematopoiesis.

Authors
  • Fleischman, R A
  • Simpson, F
  • Gallardo, T
  • Jin, X L
  • Perkins, S
Type
Published Article
Journal
Experimental Hematology
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Dec 01, 1995
Volume
23
Issue
13
Pages
1407–1416
Identifiers
PMID: 7498370
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Although macrophages account for 70-90% of the adherent cells in mouse long-term bone marrow cultures (LTBMC) and CFU-F colonies, the predominant nonhematopoietic stromal cell is endothelial-like (EL), expressing cytoplasmic collagen IV, laminin, and an antigen recognized by the monoclonal antibody MECA-10. We report the isolation of this stromal cell lineage from primary LTBMC by immunomagnetic cell selection using MECA-10. More than 95% of the cells in the MECA-10-positive fraction are EL cells as judged by morphology, surface staining for MECA-10, cytoplasmic staining for collagen IV, and electrophoretic analysis of MECA-10-positive cells isolated from radiation chimeras. When plated under LTBMC conditions, EL cell monolayers recharged with either wild-type or Sl/Sld marrow support an increased density and number of clonogenic and mature hematopoietic cells in short-term cultures. In accord with this finding, Northern blots of mRNA from unstimulated EL cells demonstrate constitutive expression of Kit ligand (KL). Moreover, in situ two-color immunofluorescence staining for cytoplasmic collagen IV and surface KL suggests that EL cells are the exclusive source of membrane-bound KL in mouse cultures. The ability to isolate EL cells from primary cultures without the need for repeated cell passage or immortalization provides a novel approach to dissecting the molecular basis of stem cell-stromal cell interactions.

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