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Isolation, characterization and in silico analysis of 3-Hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A reductase (HMGR) gene from Andrographis paniculata (Burm. f) Nees.

  • Srinath, Mote1
  • Bindu, Byreddi Bhavani Venkata1
  • Shailaja, Ayeti1
  • Giri, Charu Chandra2
  • 1 Centre for Plant Molecular Biology (CPMB), Osmania University, Hyderabad, Telangana, 500007, India. , (India)
  • 2 Centre for Plant Molecular Biology (CPMB), Osmania University, Hyderabad, Telangana, 500007, India. [email protected] , (India)
Published Article
Molecular Biology Reports
Publication Date
Nov 28, 2019
DOI: 10.1007/s11033-019-05172-0
PMID: 31781917


3-Hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzymeA reductase (HMGR), the first rate-limiting enzyme of Mevalonate (MVA) pathway was isolated from Andrographis paniculata (ApHMGR) and expressed in bacterial cells. Full length ApHMGR (1937 bp) was submitted to NCBI with accession number MG271748.1. The open reading frame (ORF) was flanked by a 31-bp 5'-UTR, 118-bp 3'-UTR and ApHMGR contained a 1787 bp ORF encoding protein of 595 amino acids. ApHMGR protein was approximately 64 kDa, with isoelectric point of 5.75. Isolated ApHMGR was cloned into pET102 vector and expressed in E. coli BL21 (DE 3) cells, and characterized by SDS-PAGE. HPLC analysis for andrographolide content in leaf, stem and root of A. paniculata revealed highest in leaf tissue. The expression patterns of ApHMGR in different plant tissues using qRT-PCR revealed high in root tissue correlating with HPLC data. Three dimensional (3D) structural model of ApHMGR displayed 90% of the amino acids in most favored regions of the Ramachandran plot with 93% overall quality factor. ApHMGR was highly conserved with plant specific N-terminal membrane domains and C-terminal catalytic regions. Phylogenetic analysis showed A. paniculata sharing common ancestor with Handroanthus impetiginosus. 3D model of ApHMGR was screened for the interaction with substrates NADPH, HMG CoA and inhibitor using Auto Dock Vina. In silico analysis revealed that full length ApHMGR had extensive similarities to other plant HMGRs. The present communication reports the isolation of full length HMGR from A. paniculata, its heterologous expression in bacterial cells and in silico structural and functional characterization providing valuable genomic information for future molecular interventions.

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