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Ischaemic stroke in children secondary to post varicella angiopathy.

Authors
  • Hayes, B
  • Baker, L
  • Alhajeri, A
  • Ryan, S
  • Lynch, B
Type
Published Article
Journal
Irish medical journal
Publication Date
Jan 01, 2007
Volume
100
Issue
1
Pages
332–333
Identifiers
PMID: 17380923
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Varicella in childhood is a self-limiting disease, which usually follows a benign course. However, complications, although rare, may have serious consequences. Ischaemic stroke secondary to post varicella angiopathy is a well-described complication and is estimated to account for up to a third of all strokes in infants. We present three previously healthy children who presented to our centre with ischaemic cerebrovascular infarction due to varicella angiopathy. All three children first presented within six weeks after onset of varicella infection and had MRI changes characteristic of ischaemic stroke secondary to post varicella angiopathy. While one child made an excellent recovery being left with only a minor deficit, the remaining two children were left with considerable morbidity severely affecting quality of life. The varicella vaccine has been proven to be well tolerated, safe and effective. We conclude that varicella vaccination should be considered for inclusion in the vaccination schedule to prevent serious complications which while rare may have devastating consequences.

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