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Irreversible binding of heme to microsomal protein during inactivation of cytochrome P450 by 4-alkyl analogues of 3,5-diethoxycarbonyl-1,4-dihydro-2,4,6-trimethylpyridine

Authors
  • Riddick, David S.
  • Marks, Gerald S.
Type
Published Article
Journal
Biochemical Pharmacology
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Jan 01, 1990
Accepted Date
May 18, 1990
Volume
40
Issue
8
Pages
1915–1921
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/0006-2952(90)90374-T
Source
Elsevier
Keywords
License
Unknown

Abstract

The porphyrinogenicity of 4-alkyl analogues of 3,5-diethoxycarbonyl-1,4-dihydro-2,4,6-tri-methylpyridine (DDC) is related to the process of mechanism-based destruction of cytochrome P450 (P450) heme, accompanied by conversion of heme to N-alkylprotoporphyrins ( N-alkylPPs). Certain DDC analogues (4-isopropyl, 4-isobutyl, 4-hexyl) are weakly porphyrinogenic in comparison to the potent porphyrinogen, 4-ethyl DDC. We have examined the abilities of these DDC analogues to promote irreversible binding of radiolabeled heme to protein in rat liver microsomal preparations. The goals of this study were to determine whether DDC analogues with different porphyrinogenicities differ in the extents to which they cause heme adduct formation, and whether P450 isozymes differ in their capacities to catalyze heme covalent binding. Incubation of microsomes with NADPH alone promoted heme covalent binding, while loss of spectral P450 heme was minimal or absent. In microsomal incubations containing NADPH, the 4-ethyl, 4-isopropyl, and 4-isobutyl analogues caused heme covalent binding to extents which paralleled their P450 destructive activities. In contrast, 4-hexyl DDC caused less heme covalent binding as a function of P450 loss than the other analogues in microsomes from untreated and β-naphthoflavone (ßNF)-treated rats. Thus, the weakly porphyrinogenic DDC analogues do not cause greater heme covalent binding than 4-ethyl DDC. Weak porphyrinogenicity, therefore, cannot be explained by diversion of the heme moiety of P450 from conversion to N-alkylPPs towards utilization for formation of heme-derived protein adducts. Treatment of rats with P450 inducing agents altered the degree to which DDC analogues caused heme eovalent binding. The greatest heme adduct formation occurred in microsomes from untreated and dexamethasone (DEX)-treated rats, whereas treatment with phenobarbital and especially ßNF reduced heme covalent binding as a function of P450 loss. Thus, these microsomal studies suggest that constitutive P450 isozymes and members of the DEX-inducible P450IIIA subfamily appear to catalyze heme covalent binding, while βNF-inducible forms such as P450IA1 (P450c) seem to be relatively inactive in this regard.

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