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IRF1 regulates self-renewal and stress responsiveness to support hematopoietic stem cell maintenance.

  • Rundberg Nilsson, Alexandra
  • Shalapour, Shabnam
  • Cammenga, Jörg
  • Karin, Michael
  • Xian, Hongxu
Publication Date
Oct 27, 2023
eScholarship - University of California
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Hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) are tightly controlled to maintain a balance between blood cell production and self-renewal. While inflammation-related signaling is a critical regulator of HSC activity, the underlying mechanisms and the precise functions of specific factors under steady-state and stress conditions remain incompletely understood. We investigated the role of interferon regulatory factor 1 (IRF1), a transcription factor that is affected by multiple inflammatory stimuli, in HSC regulation. Our findings demonstrate that the loss of IRF1 from mouse HSCs significantly impairs self-renewal, increases stress-induced proliferation, and confers resistance to apoptosis. In addition, given the frequent abnormal expression of IRF1 in leukemia, we explored the potential of IRF1 expression level as a stratification marker for human acute myeloid leukemia. We show that IRF1-based stratification identifies distinct cancer-related signatures in patient subgroups. These findings establish IRF1 as a pivotal HSC controller and provide previously unknown insights into HSC regulation, with potential implications to IRF1 functions in the context of leukemia.

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