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Ionization of short polymethacrylic acid: titration, DLS, and model calculations.

Authors
  • Pohlmeier, A
  • Haber-Pohlmeier, S
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
May 15, 2004
Volume
273
Issue
2
Pages
369–380
Identifiers
PMID: 15082370
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

In this work the charging of polymethacrylic acid in excess electrolyte solution is investigated experimentally by titration and dynamic light scattering. The results are analyzed by a penetrable sphere model, which employs the Poisson-Boltzmann equation for the description of electrostatic interactions and takes into account specific binding of H+ and Na+. The evaluation of the DLS data yields two relaxation modes. The slow mode is present only at finite degrees of charging and is therefore caused by collective diffusion. The fast mode, which corresponds to diffusion coefficients in the range from (1.1 to 1.5) x 10(-10) m2 s(-1), is present over the whole pH range. This reflects the diffusional dynamics of the polyion itself and allows the calculation of hydrodynamic radii for equivalent spheres (RH). These increase from 1.5 nm at pH 2.14 up to 1.8 nm for a degree of deprotonation alpha=0.47 at pH 5.86. With a further increase of pH the radii slightly decrease to 1.6 nm. Setting the radius of the penetrable sphere equal to RH, we can successfully model the overall charging curve with logK0H=4.85 and logK0Na=-0.6. This means that weak complexes of the type COO---Na are formed, which reduce the effective charge inside the polyelectrolyte coil.

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