Previously, we showed that desethylamiodarone (DEA), a major metabolite of the widely used antiarrhythmic drug amiodarone, has direct mitochondrial effects. We hypothesized that these effects account for its observed cytotoxic properties and ability to limit in vivo metastasis. Accordingly, we examined DEA’s rapid (3–12 h) cytotoxicity and its early (3–6 h) effects on various mitochondrial processes in B16F10 melanoma cells. DEA did not affect cellular oxygen radical formation, as determined using two fluorescent dyes. However, it did decrease the mitochondrial transmembrane potential, as assessed by JC-1 dye and fluorescence microscopy. It also induced mitochondrial fragmentation, as visualized by confocal fluorescence microscopy. DEA decreased maximal respiration, ATP production, coupling efficiency, glycolysis, and non-mitochondrial oxygen consumption measured by a Seahorse cellular energy metabolism analyzer. In addition, it induced a cyclosporine A–independent mitochondrial permeability transition, as determined by Co2+-mediated calcein fluorescence quenching measured using a high-content imaging system. DEA also caused outer mitochondrial membrane permeabilization, as assessed by the immunoblot analysis of cytochrome C, apoptosis inducing factor, Akt, phospho-Akt, Bad, and phospho-Bad. All of these data supported our initial hypothesis.