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Investigation of the structural and electrochemical properties of size-controlled SnO2 nanoparticles

  • Ahn, HJ
  • Choi, HC
  • Park, KW
  • Kim, SB
  • Sung, YE
Publication Date
Jul 15, 2004
[email protected]
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Four types of size-controlled SnO2 nanoparticles were synthesized by a colloidal method to investigate the structural and electrochemical properties of various particle sizes. The samples were characterized by means of transmission electron microscopy (TEM), powder X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), near-edge X-ray absorption fine structure (NEXAFS), and electrochemical measurements. TEM and XRD analyses showed that the samples were well dispersed with an average particle size of similar to 20 run (sample A), similar to11 nm (sample B), similar to5.6 nm (sample Q, and similar to2.3 nm (sample D). XPS analyses of four size-controlled SnO2 samples confirmed that the chemical state of the Sn was Sn4+, as evidenced by the presence of SnO2, not Sn2+ related to the Sn(OH)(2). The Sn NEXAFS spectra of the four samples indicated that the samples had a tetragonal rutile structure and showed no noticeable change in the oxidation state of tin ions with decreased particle size, in good agreement with the XPS analysis. The electrochemical proper-ties of lithium insertion in the first cycle were different and systematically varied with a plateau at about 0.8 V in the four types of samples. Furthermore, the optimum particle size for enhanced lithium insertion/extraction was found to be in the range similar to11 run, among the four types of size-controlled SnO2 nanoparticles. When the particle size decreased from I I nm to 5.6 and 2.3 nm, performance inversely decreased due to the absence (or small amounts) of Li2O phase. / X / 1 / 1 / 204 / scie / scopus

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