Oil-in-water nanoemulsions are used in numerous biomedical applications as delivery systems. The droplet size in the nanometer range and their composition were extensively developed for carrying and enhancing the absorption of lipophilic drugs and lipids of interest. In the present study, critical parameters involved in the spontaneous nanoemulsification process such as the temperature, the oil type, the surfactant-to-oil and water-to-oil ratios were investigated. The aim was to design a solvent-free procedure for the spontaneous nanoemulsification at a low temperature of a large variety of triglycerides including vegetable oils. Nanoemulsification of medium-chain triglyceride (MCT) was not dependent on the temperature while nanodroplets of long-chain triglycerides (LCT) were only obtained by reaching the cloud point of ethoxylated surfactant Kolliphor® HS15. The molar volume of triglycerides was considered as a predictive parameter governing both, the spontaneous nanoemulsification at low temperature and the Ostwald ripening rate. The physical mixture of MCT and LCT was a promising strategy to prepare stable and fine nanoemulsions at 37 °C. They were characterized by a hydrodynamic diameter comprised between 20 and 30 nm and a narrow size distribution. These findings pave the way to new applications for the parenteral nutrition and the delivery of thermosensitive drugs and lipophilic molecules such as antioxidants. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.