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Investigation of printed slot antennas based on Euclidean geometries

Authors
  • Mezaal, Yaqeen S.1
  • 1 Al-Esraa University College, Baghdad, Iraq , Baghdad (Iraq)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Scientific Reports
Publisher
Springer Nature
Publication Date
Feb 24, 2021
Volume
11
Issue
1
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1038/s41598-021-83772-2
Source
Springer Nature
License
Green

Abstract

Euclidean and fractal terms are mathematically and physically important terms in antenna design, but rarely reported studies had discussed these terms together in antenna design in their texts. This paper first gives an overview of Euclidean and fractal antennas with useful and satisfactory facts. Four printed slot antennas are then studied using Euclidean slot shapes printed in the ground plane with and without Euclidean patches using FR4 substrate. These antennas are employed to investigate their suitability as simple alternatives to complicated fractal geometries and their specific formulas. Parametric analyses with feedline lengths and patch scaling aspects are adopted to generate single, dual, and multiband responses. These parametric studies provide different outcomes and choices for antenna electrical specifications suitable for various wireless applications. It is clear that inserting Euclidean patches to the printed slot in the ground plane influence inducing multiple operating bands as similar as multiband fractal antenna, but without using specific formulas or complicated outlines. All proposed antennas have low-profile topologies, good compactness, and more competitive electrical specifications than many reported fractal antennas. The simulations of the proposed printed slot antennas are in good compatibility with the measurements.

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