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Investigation of Phonon Scattering on the Tunable Mechanisms of Terahertz Graphene Metamaterials

Authors
  • He, Xiaoyong1, 2
  • Lin, Fangting1, 2
  • Liu, Feng1, 2
  • Zhang, Hao1
  • 1 (F.L.);
  • 2 Shanghai Key Lab for Astrophysics, No. 100 Guilin Road, Shanghai 200234, China
Type
Published Article
Journal
Nanomaterials
Publisher
MDPI AG
Publication Date
Dec 23, 2019
Volume
10
Issue
1
Identifiers
DOI: 10.3390/nano10010039
PMID: 31877930
PMCID: PMC7023326
Source
PubMed Central
Keywords
License
Green

Abstract

The influences of different kinds of phonon scatterings (i.e., acoustic (AC) phonon, impurity, and longitudinal optical (LO) phonon scatterings) on the tunable propagation properties of graphene metamaterials structures have been investigated, also including the effects of graphene pattern structures, Fermi levels, and operation frequencies. The results manifested that, at room temperature, AC phonon scattering dominated, while with the increase in temperature, the LO phonon scattering increased significantly and played a dominate role if temperature goes beyond 600 K. Due to the phonon scatterings, the resonant properties of the graphene metamaterial structure indicated an optimum value (about 0.5–0.8 eV) with the increase in Fermi level, which were different from the existing results. The results are very helpful to understand the tunable mechanisms of graphene functional devices, sensors, modulators, and antennas.

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