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Investigating the role of co-substrate-substrate ratio and filter media on the performance of anammox hybrid reactor treating nitrogen rich wastewater.

Authors
  • Tomar, Swati1
  • Gupta, Sunil Kumar2
  • 1 Department of Environmental Science & Engineering, Indian School of Mines, Dhanbad 826004, India. Electronic address: [email protected]
  • 2 Department of Environmental Science & Engineering, Indian School of Mines, Dhanbad 826004, India. Electronic address: [email protected]
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
March 2016
Volume
121
Issue
3
Pages
310–316
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.jbiosc.2015.07.005
PMID: 26277220
Source
Medline
Keywords
License
Unknown

Abstract

This study explored the feasibility of using the anammox hybrid reactor (AHR), which combines suspended and attached growth media, for the biodegradation of ammonical nitrogen in wastewater. The study was performed in four laboratory-scale AHRs, inoculated with mixed seed culture (1:1). The anammox process was established by feeding the AHR with synthetic wastewater, containing NH(4)-N and NO(2)-N (1:1), at hydraulic retention time (HRT) of 1 day. The reactors were gradually acclimated to a higher ammonium concentration (1200 mg/l) until the pseudo-steady state was attained. Subsequently, the reactors were operated at various HRTs (0.25-3.0 days) to optimize the HRT and nitrogen loading rate (NLR). The study demonstrated that HRT of 1 day, corresponding to 95.1% of nitrogen removal was optimal. Pearson correlation analysis indicated the strong and positive correlation of HRT and sludge retention time (SRT), whereas the NLR and biomass yield correlated negatively with the nitrogen removal efficiency (NRE). The mass balance of nitrogen showed that a major fraction (79.1%) of the input nitrogen was converted into N2 gas, and 11.25% was utilized in synthesizing the biomass. The filter media in the AHR contributed to an additional 15.4% of ammonium removal and a reduction of 29% in the sludge washout rate. The nitrogen removal kinetics in the AHR followed the modified Stover-Kincannon model, whereas the Lawrence-McCarty model best described the bacterial growth kinetics. The study concludes that the hybrid configuration of the reactor demonstrated promising results and could be suitably applied for industrial applications.

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