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Investigating functional performance and substituent effect in modelling molecular structure, UV-visible spectra, and optical properties of D-π-A conjugated organic dye molecules: a DFT and TD-DFT study

  • Chanana, Garima1
  • Batra, Kriti1
  • 1 University School of Basic and Applied Sciences, GGS Indraprastha University, Dwarka Delhi, 110078, India , Dwarka Delhi (India)
Published Article
Journal of Molecular Modeling
Publication Date
Jul 23, 2021
DOI: 10.1007/s00894-021-04824-y
Springer Nature
  • Original Paper


The molecular structure, UV-visible spectra, and optical properties of D-π-A conjugated organic dye molecules (Disperse Red 1 (DR1) and Disperse Red 73 (DR73)) were analyzed using density functional theory (DFT) and time-dependent density functional theory (TD-DFT) and compared with azobenzene molecule to study the effect of donor and acceptor substituents on the molecular properties. The performance of DFT functionals is investigated using B3LYP hybrid functional and three long-range corrected functionals (CAM-B3LYP, LC-ω PBE, and ω B97XD) in conjunction with 6-31G(d,p) basis set. Using TD-DFT, we calculate the vertical excitation energies and transition dipole moment values for 100 excited states. These values were further utilized to calculate frequency dependent polarizability under sum-over-states (SOS) formalism and refractive index of these molecular systems. We observe that for azobenzene and DR1 molecules, ω B97XD predicted wavelengths corresponding to peak absorbance closest to the experimental results, while for DR73 molecule, B3LYP gave better prediction. Large polarizability response is also observed for these molecules (DR1 and DR73) in comparison to parent azobenzene structure due to charge transfer between donor and acceptor groups. For DR1 and DR73 molecules, αxx component of polarizability dominates in contrast to azobenzene where αyy dominates. The HOMO → LUMO transition during excitation contributes to the peak molecular response in simulated UV-visible spectra. The high polarizability response of selected D-π-A conjugated molecules in comparison to parent molecule suggests that these molecules are promising candidates for tailor-made photonic and optoelectronic device development. Graphical AbstractFunctional and substituent effect on the optical response of D-π-A conjugated molecules modelled using DFT and TDDFT.

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