Affordable Access

Publisher Website

Investigating Factors Associated with Immunization Incompletion of Children Under Five in Ebonyi State, Southeast Nigeria: Implication for Policy Dialogue

  • Umoke, Prince Christian Ifeanachor1
  • Umoke, MaryJoy2
  • Nwalieji, Chioma Adaora2
  • Igwe, Festus Okechukwu3
  • Umoke, Ugochi Georgina4
  • Onwe, Rosemary N.5
  • Nwazunku, Augustine Alugbala2
  • Nwafor, Ifeanyi Emmanuel6
  • Chukwu, Obinna Jude6
  • Eyo, Nora7
  • Ugwu, Adaeze7
  • Ogbonnaya, Kalu2
  • Okeke, Emmanuel7
  • Eke, David Onyemaechi6
  • 1 University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Enugu State, Nigeria
  • 2 Ebonyi State Ministry of Health, Abakaliki, Ebonyi State, Nigeria
  • 3 National Open University, Abakaliki Study Center, Ebonyi State, Nigeria
  • 4 University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Ituku Ozalla, Enugu State, Nigeria
  • 5 Ebonyi State University, Abakaliki, Ebonyi State, Nigeria
  • 6 Alex Ekwueme Federal University Teaching Hospital, Abakaliki Ebonyi State, Nigeria
  • 7 WHO Office, Ebonyi State, Nigeria
Published Article
Global Pediatric Health
SAGE Publications
Publication Date
Feb 06, 2021
DOI: 10.1177/2333794X21991008
PMID: 33614848
PMCID: PMC7868489
PubMed Central
  • Original Research Article


Purpose. To investigate factors associated with immunization incompletion of children under 5 years in Ebonyi state, Southeastern part of Nigeria. Method. A cross-sectional and a cluster sampling design were implemented; 400 women of childbearing age in families with children between 0 to 59 months of age were interviewed in Ebonyi state. Demographic characteristics of the child and mother, the child’s immunization history, and reasons for partial immunization were obtained with the use of a self-administered questionnaire. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics of mean, standard deviation, t -test and ANOVA with SPSS version 23 and hypothesis tested at P < .05. Results . Findings revealed that 180 (48.1%) females, and 194 (51.9%) males’ children were immunized; Less than half 155 (41.9%) of the children had 1 missed dose, considered as partial immunization cases indicating low coverage. Of the reasons given for incomplete immunization mothers, mothers agreed that immunization centers are far from home (x̄ = 2.55 ± 0.92). This reason significantly affects mothers who were young (≤20 years) ( x = 2.86 ± 0.94; P = .018), single ( x = 2.84 ± 1.05; 0.037), had secondary education ( x = 2.65 ± 1.08;0.000), students (2.89 ± 1.08; P = .000), poor ( x = 2.63 ± 1.05; P = .009), and primiparous ( x = 2.50 ± 1.08; P = .036) are more affected and they agreed (grand mean >2.50). Conclusion. Immunization coverage was low, and far location from health facility was indicted thus policy implementers should locate health facilities close to homes. also health education on the importance of immunization should be given to mothers especially those who are young and has low socio-economic status.

Report this publication


Seen <100 times