Inverse gas chromatographic technique (IGC) was attempted as a new approach to follow the chemical changes that occur during lubricating base oil oxidation. Three groups of the oxidized base oils were prepared at different oxygen flow rates, periods and temperatures according to IP48 method. The corrected retention volumes (VR) were calculated for a series of selected test solutes possessing different functional groups on the oxidized base oils used as stationary phases. Kovats retention index (I), Flory-Huggins interaction parameter (Kinfinity1,2), and partial molar free energy of solution (deltaGinfinityL), were calculated for the given test solutes from their VR. The relationships between the I values and the oxidation variables were plotted and discussed. The obtained results were confirmed by potentiometric titration. The study reveals that the magnitudes of variation of I, Kinfinity1,2 or deltaGinfinityL retention parameters depend on the oxidation degree of the base oil. Large differences between the I values permit discrimination between the different oxidation steps.