Fermentation reactions in the caeca of chickens, the predominant place for Salmonella colonization, result in high concentrations of short-chain fatty acids (SCFA). Thus Salmonella bacteria are in close contact with SCFA during their life cycle. A study was carried out to analyse the effects of SCFA on invasion of Salmonella enteritidis in an avian intestinal epithelial cell line. Preincubation of S. enteritidis for 4 h in growth media supplemented with various concentrations of propionate or butyrate resulted in decreased invasion compared to bacteria, preincubated in nonsupplemented media, and to bacteria, preincubated in media supplemented with formate or acetate. Incubation of the S. enteritidis bacteria in media supplemented with mixtures of SCFA mimicking the in vivo caecal concentrations resulted in increased invasion compared with butyrate-exposed bacteria, but equal invasion compared with nonexposed bacteria. Increasing the butyrate concentration in these mixtures did not modify invasion compared with the original mixtures.