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Introducing High-Valence Iridium Single Atoms into Bimetal Phosphides toward High-Efficiency Oxygen Evolution and Overall Water Splitting

  • Yang, Niuwa
  • Tian, Shaonan
  • Feng, Yongjun
  • Hu, Zhenya
  • Liu, Hui
  • Tian, Xinlong
  • Xu, Lin
  • Hu, Chaoquan
  • Yang, Jun
Publication Date
Jan 06, 2023
Institutional Repository of Institute of Process Engineering, CAS (IPE-IR)
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Single atoms are superior electrocatalysts having high atomic utilization and amazing activity for water oxidation and splitting. Herein, this work reports a thermal reduction method to introduce high-valence iridium (Ir) single atoms into bimetal phosphide (FeNiP) nanoparticles toward high-efficiency oxygen evolution reaction (OER) and overall water splitting. The presence of high-valence single Ir atoms (Ir4+) and their synergistic interaction with Ni3+ species as well as the disproportionation of Ni3+ assisted by Fe collectively contribute to the exceptional OER performance. In specific, at appropriate Ir/Ni and Fe/Ni ratios, the as-prepared Ir-doped FeNiP (Ir-25-Fe16Ni100P64) nanoparticles at a mass loading of only 35 mu g cm(-2) show the overpotential as low as 232 mV at 10 mA cm(-2) and activity as high as 1.86 A mg(-1) at 1.5 V versus RHE for OER in 1.0 m KOH. Computational simulations confirm the vital role of high-valence Ir to weaken the adsorption of OER intermediates, favorable for accelerating OER kinetics. Impressively, a Pt/C||Ir-25-Fe16Ni100P64 two-electrode alkaline electrolyzer affords a current density of 10 mA cm(-2) at a low cell voltage of 1.42 V, along with satisfied stability. An AA battery with a nominal voltage of 1.5 V can drive overall water splitting with obvious bubbles released.

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