PurposeThe purpose of this technical report is to describe the technique of intratumoral injection of hypertonic glucose combined with low-negative pressure drainage to treat refractory pneumothorax (RP) after microwave ablation (MWA) of lung tumors.Materials and MethodsBetween September 2016 and May 2018, four patients who developed RP after MWA of peripheral lung cancer were managed by a combined method, including intratumoral injection of hypertonic glucose and catheter drainage under low-negative pressure. Blood gas values were recorded and compared before the treatment and one-week posttreatment. All patients were followed up for at least one month to monitor the possible recurrence of pneumothorax by chest CT.ResultsAll patients were successfully treated. One patient received the intratumoral injection of hypertonic glucose twice, while the remaining three patients received a single injection. The technical success rate was 100%. Dyspnea related to RP was significantly relieved in all patients, and PaO2 and SaO2 values were higher than those measured before treatment. No patient suffered a recurrence of pneumothorax during the follow-up.ConclusionThe combined method of intratumoral injection of hypertonic glucose and continuous catheter drainage under low-negative pressure might be an effective method to manage RP caused by MWA.