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[Intraocular metastases].

Authors
  • Westerwick, D1
  • Driever, F1
  • Le Guin, C H D2
  • Schmid, K W1, 3
  • Metz, K A4
  • 1 Institut für Pathologie, Universitätsklinikum Essen, Universität Duisburg-Essen, Hufelandstraße 55, 45147, Essen, Deutschland.
  • 2 Klinik für Augenheilkunde, Universitätsklinikum Essen, Universität Duisburg-Essen, Essen, Deutschland.
  • 3 Westdeutsches Tumorzentrum (WTZ), Universitätsklinikum Essen, Essen, Deutschland.
  • 4 Institut für Pathologie, Universitätsklinikum Essen, Universität Duisburg-Essen, Hufelandstraße 55, 45147, Essen, Deutschland. [email protected]
Type
Published Article
Journal
Der Pathologe
Publication Date
Nov 01, 2017
Volume
38
Issue
6
Pages
500–506
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1007/s00292-017-0373-y
PMID: 28993861
Source
Medline
Keywords
License
Unknown

Abstract

Metastatic cancer represents the most common form of intraocular malignancy. Due to its abundant vascular supply the choroid is the most common ocular site for intraocular metastatic disease (approximately 90%). Less than 10% of intraocular metastases are located in the iris and/or ciliary body, whereas the retina and vitreous are rarely affected. Most intraocular metastases are carcinomas; the majority of metastases originate from breast cancer in females and lung cancer in males. However, virtually every primary malignancy has been described to metastasize to intraocular structures. In this review we address the pathology and clinical features of intraocular metastases, noninvasive and invasive diagnostic procedures, as well as the pathological work-up of cytological and histological specimens obtained either by fine needle aspiration biopsy or special biopsy forceps.

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