Porphyromonas gingivalis and Prevotella intermedia are black-pigmented, putative periodontopathogenic bacteria considered to cause some forms of periodontal disease. Porphyromonas gingivalis and P. intermedia can be transmitted between humans and produce periodontal disease in susceptible hosts. In this article, studies using molecular typing methods for determining the transmission of black-pigmented, putative periodontopathogens between family members are reviewed. As individuals living close to each other are more prone to transmit bacteria, the studies on transmission of periodontopathogens have been performed on family members. It has been shown that black-pigmented bacteria are not only transferred between spouses but also between parents and child. Since only a limited number of studies have been done, longitudinal and controlled studies should be carried out to elucidate further the transmittance potential of these bacteria.