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Intracellular compartmentalization of DNA fragments in cultured airway epithelial cells mediated by cationic lipids.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Pharmaceutical research
Publication Date
Volume
16
Issue
7
Pages
1020–1025
Identifiers
PMID: 10450925
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

A 511 (+/-) charge ratio was found to be the optimal ratio for transfection of both ss-and dsDNA. After a 5 h exposure, 7.51 +/- 0.89% of the radioactivity was associated with the nuclear fraction whereas only 1.07 +/- 0.23%, was found in the nuclear fraction when dsDNA was used. The nuclear radioactivity detected after a 24 h exposure was only 1/3 of that after 5 h. Analysis of fragment stability in the cytosolic and nuclear fractions showed the presence of intact fragment in each subcellular compartment. No intranuclear/intracellular fragment could be detected in control experiments with naked DNA. Conclusions. The results from these experiments indicate that small fragments of DNA can be efficiently and rapidly transferred intact to the cell nucleus using cationic lipids and that ssDNA fragments are more effective than dsDNA fragments for nuclear delivery.

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