Affordable Access

deepdyve-link
Publisher Website

Intracellular calcium dynamics dependent on defined microtopographical features of titanium.

Authors
  • Staehlke, Susanne
  • Koertge, Andreas
  • Nebe, Barbara
Type
Published Article
Journal
Biomaterials
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Apr 01, 2015
Volume
46
Pages
48–57
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.biomaterials.2014.12.016
PMID: 25678115
Source
Medline
Keywords
License
Unknown

Abstract

Detailed insights into the complex cellular behavior at the biomaterial interface are crucial for the improvement of implant surfaces with respect to their acceptance and integration. The cells perceive microtopographical features and, in consequence, rearrange their adhesion structures like the actin cytoskeleton and adaptor proteins. But little is known about whether these altered cellular phenotypes have consequences for intracellular calcium signaling and its dynamics. To elucidate if an artificial, geometrical microtopography influences calcium ion (Ca(2+)) mobilization in osteoblasts, human MG-63 cells were stained with the calcium dye Fluo 3-acetoxymethyl ester and set on defined silicon-titanium (Ti) arrays with regular pillar structures (P5, 5 × 5 × 5 μm) and compared with planar Ti. To induce an immediate calcium signal, cells were stimulated with adenosine 5'-triphosphate (ATP). Interestingly, osteoblasts on micropillars expressing a shortened actin cytoskeleton were hampered in their calcium mobilization potential in signal height as well duration. Even the basal level of the intracellular Ca(2+) concentration was reduced, which was accompanied by a disturbed fibronectin synthesis. The expression of the voltage-sensitive calcium channels Cav1.2, Cav1.3 (L-type) and Cav3.1, Cav3.2, Cav3.3 (T-type) as well as the signaling proteins phospho-AKT and phospho-GSK3α/β remained unaffected on pillars. The topography-dependent calcium dynamics observed here provide new insights into how topographical cues alter cell functions - via the intracellular Ca(2+) signaling.

Report this publication

Statistics

Seen <100 times