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Intracardiac generation of angiotensin and its physiologic role.

  • Lindpaintner, K
  • Jin, M
  • Wilhelm, M J
  • Suzuki, F
  • Linz, W
  • Schoelkens, B A
  • Ganten, D
Published Article
Publication Date
Jun 01, 1988
6 Pt 2
PMID: 3286043


The emerging recognition of the existence and potential biological significance of local tissue renin-angiotensin systems in a number of organs has fostered interest in a possible intrinsic cardiac renin-angiotensin system. Evidence for such a system was first provided by biochemical measurements of components of the renin-angiotensin system in cardiac tissue. It has recently been demonstrated that the genes coding for renin and angiotensinogen are expressed in all regions of the heart, an essential prerequisite for the postulated intracardiac biosynthesis of these proteins. Moreover, we have shown the presence of a functional and physiologically active pathway for the conversion of angiotensin I to angiotensin II in the beating mammalian heart. This conversion appears to be catalyzed by a specific cardiac converting enzyme that is susceptible to systemically administered converting-enzyme inhibitors. Evidence for the physiologic importance of the cardiac renin-angiotensin system comes from experimental data as well as indirect clinical evidence. The potent coronary vasoconstrictor properties of angiotensin II underscore its possible significance in myocardial ischemia and ischemic heart disease, in particular when viewed in the context of selective local activation. The long-known positive inotropic effects of angiotensin II are based on its direct myotropic properties and on its facilitatory effects on sympathetic neurotransmission and may be of added significance in metabolically compromised states. We have recently demonstrated that locally generated angiotensin may be a dominant etiologic factor in the pathogenesis of reperfusion arrhythmias. In addition, we have found experimental evidence for a deleterious effect of angiotensin II on myocardial metabolism in the setting of regional myocardial ischemia.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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