Two experiments were carried out in which rats were offered diets containing different amounts and types of dietary fibre, i.e. commercial stock diet and three semi-purified diets containing no fibre, 200 g wheat bran or 200 g pectin/kg. Dietary inclusion of fibre, and especially pectin, stimulated large bowel fermentation, as indicated by caecal hypertrophy and reduced caecal pH. After 3 weeks, mucosal:serosal zinc transfer and Zn accumulation by tissue were measured using the everted-gut-sac technique. In Expt 2, incubations were carried out in the presence and absence of 0.25 mM-ouabain to assess the importance of transfer by Na+,K+-ATPase-dependent mechanisms, and some observations on glucose transport were also made. Ouabain reduced rates of transfer of both Zn and glucose and also tissue Zn accumulation. There were no significant differences in rates of Zn transfer by everted sacs from duodenal, ileal and colonic sites, but accumulation of Zn by tissue was a more important fate than transfer across the serosal surface, and accumulation by duodenal tissue was approximately twice as great as by other tissues. Mucosal:serosal transfer of glucose by ileal tissue was much more sensitive to ouabain than was Zn transfer. Previous diet appeared to alter the capacity of the intestinal tissue to transfer Zn, with the highest rates of transfer being by colonic tissue from pectin-fed rats.