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Intestinal parasitic infection among foreign housemaids in northwestern Saudi Arabia: A cross-sectional study.

Authors
  • Haouas, Najoua1
  • Alharazi, Talal2
  • Al Rasheedi, Asma Obaid3
  • Zreiq, Rafat4
  • Algahtani, Fahad4
  • 1 Laboratoire de Parasitologie-Mycologie Médicale et Moléculaire (LR12ES08), Département de Biologie Clinique B, Faculté de Pharmacie, Université de Monastir, Tunisia; Clinical Laboratory Sciences Department, College of Applied Medical Sciences, University of Ha'il, Ha'il, Saudi Arabia. Electronic address: [email protected] , (Saudi Arabia)
  • 2 Clinical Laboratory Sciences Department, College of Applied Medical Sciences, University of Ha'il, Ha'il, Saudi Arabia; Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Taiz University, Yemen. , (Saudi Arabia)
  • 3 Clinical Laboratory Sciences Department, College of Applied Medical Sciences, University of Ha'il, Ha'il, Saudi Arabia. , (Saudi Arabia)
  • 4 Department of Public Health, College of Public Health and Health Informatics, University of Ha'il, Ha'il, Saudi Arabia. , (Saudi Arabia)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Parasitology international
Publication Date
Feb 01, 2021
Volume
80
Pages
102208–102208
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.parint.2020.102208
PMID: 33169701
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

Owing to Saudi Arabia's high-income economy many Saudi families hire foreign housemaids. However, since the housemaids are potential carriers of intestinal parasites, hiring them increases the risk of transmission to the Saudi community. In this context, this study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of intestinal parasitic infections in foreign housemaids in northwestern Saudi Arabia. Using direct wet mount and concentration by flotation, the stool samples of 169 housemaids were examined, and eleven parasite species, six helminths and five protozoans, were detected. The overall prevalence of intestinal parasitic infection was 20.11% (34/169). Twelve cases were infected with one intestinal helminth, 12 were infected with one intestinal protozoan, and 10 had polyparasitism. The most common intestinal parasites were Cryptosporidium spp. (n = 10), hookworms (n = 7), and T. Trichiura (n = 7). The findings highlight that intestinal parasites present an important public health concern for foreign housemaids in Saudi Arabia. More vigilance is thus required, and periodic follow-up should be exercised throughout foreign housemaids' stay in the country. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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