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Intertrial temporal contextual cuing: association across successive visual search trials guides spatial attention.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of experimental psychology. Human perception and performance
Publication Date
Volume
31
Issue
4
Pages
703–712
Identifiers
PMID: 16131243
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Contextual cuing refers to the facilitation of performance in visual search due to the repetition of the same displays. Whereas previous studies have focused on contextual cuing within single-search trials, this study tested whether 1 trial facilitates visual search of the next trial. Participants searched for a T among Ls. In the training phase, the spatial layout on trial N=1 was predictive of the target location on trial N. In the testing phase, the predictive value was removed. Results revealed an intertrial temporal contextual cuing effect: Search speed became progressively shorter in the training phase, but it significantly lengthened during testing. The authors conclude that the visual system is capable of retaining spatial contextual memory established earlier to facilitate perception.

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