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Intersubjectivity, affective neuroscience, and the neurobiology of autistic spectrum disorders: a systematic review.

Authors
  • Aitken, Kenneth J1
Type
Published Article
Journal
The Keio journal of medicine
Publication Date
Mar 01, 2008
Volume
57
Issue
1
Pages
15–36
Identifiers
PMID: 18382122
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Intersubjectivity is an approach to the study of social interaction viewed from a perspective which rejects the view that reducing any such analysis to study at the level of the individual is adequate to address the issues of social functioning. It also stresses the view that social processes cannot be reduced to cognitive ones - most of the important questions in the study of developmental psychopathology deal with issues which have commonality with many other species and are patent well before the ontological emergence of 'cognitive' abilities. In this paper we review the evidence in this area, and discuss a range of issues relevant to autistic spectrum disorders. We focus in particular on social interaction; the role of the Intrinsic Motive Formation and recent work on mirror neurons in autism; genetic and teratogenic factors in the genesis of autism; and the role of a number of biological factors in pathogenesis - tryptophan; vitamin B12; sterol metabolism; glutamate and GABA; and the Fragile-X expansion.

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