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Interpretation bias in middle childhood attachment: Causal effects on attachment memories and scripts.

Authors
  • De Winter, Simon1
  • Salemink, Elske2
  • Bosmans, Guy3
  • 1 Parenting and Special Education Research Unit, KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium. Electronic address: [email protected] , (Belgium)
  • 2 Department of Developmental Psychology, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. Electronic address: [email protected] , (Netherlands)
  • 3 Parenting and Special Education Research Unit, KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium. Electronic address: [email protected] , (Belgium)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Behaviour research and therapy
Publication Date
Mar 01, 2018
Volume
102
Pages
16–24
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.brat.2017.12.004
PMID: 29289759
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

Attachment theory implies the causal influence of interpretation bias on the attachment-related expectations. Previous research demonstrated that training children to interpret maternal behavior as more supportive increased their trust in maternal support. The current study explored possible training effects on two attachment script-related processes: recollection of attachment-related memories and secure base script knowledge. Children (9-12 years old; N = 84) were assigned to either a secure training condition, training children to interpret mother's behavior as supportive, or a neutral placebo condition, where interpretations about maternal behavior were unrelated to support. Findings replicated the training effect on interpretation bias and trust. Furthermore, children's recollection of attachment-related memories became more positive. No training effect was found for secure base script knowledge. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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