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The interplay of delay aversion, timing skills, and impulsivity in children experiencing attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms.

Authors
  • Blume, Friederike1, 2
  • Kuehnhausen, Jan3, 4, 5
  • Reinelt, Tilman5, 6
  • Wirth, Andrea5, 7
  • Rauch, Wolfgang A5, 8
  • Schwenck, Christina9
  • Gawrilow, Caterina3, 4, 5
  • 1 Department of Psychology, School Psychology, University of Tübingen, Tübingen, Germany. [email protected] , (Germany)
  • 2 LEAD Graduate School & Research Network, University of Tübingen, Tübingen, Germany. [email protected] , (Germany)
  • 3 Department of Psychology, School Psychology, University of Tübingen, Tübingen, Germany. , (Germany)
  • 4 LEAD Graduate School & Research Network, University of Tübingen, Tübingen, Germany. , (Germany)
  • 5 Center for Individual Development and Adaptive Education of Children at Risk (IDeA Center), DIPF | Leibniz Institute for Research and Information in Education, Frankfurt am Main, Germany. , (Germany)
  • 6 Center for Clinical Psychology and Rehabilitation, University of Bremen, Bremen, Germany. , (Germany)
  • 7 Department of Educational Psychology, Goethe University, Frankfurt am Main, Germany. , (Germany)
  • 8 Department of Special Education, Psychology and Diagnostics, Ludwigsburg University of Education, Ludwigsburg, Germany. , (Germany)
  • 9 Department of Educational and Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, Justus-Liebig-University of Gießen, Gießen, Germany. , (Germany)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Attention deficit and hyperactivity disorders
Publication Date
Dec 01, 2019
Volume
11
Issue
4
Pages
383–393
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1007/s12402-019-00298-4
PMID: 30927163
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

Impulsive behaviours occurring as a central deficit in connection with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are associated with social and academic impairment in children. Whereas impulsivity was shown to be related to both delay aversion and deficient timing skills, the mutual relation between the latter two has hardly been investigated. The present study therefore examined the interplay of delay aversion, timing skills, and impulsivity in a sample of eighty-eight children aged between seven and fourteen, twenty-one of them diagnosed with ADHD. Children participated in a delay aversion and a tapping task, while parents reported about their impulsiveness. The results showed that both delay aversion and deficient timing skills were related to impulsivity. Contrasting prior assumptions, delay aversion and timing skills were also shown to be related, even when controlling for impulsivity. Implications for interventions aiming to reduce children's impulsivity as well as methodological considerations regarding whether to view ADHD as a category or a continuum are discussed.

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