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International medical students’ adaptation to university life in Turkey

Authors
  • Demiral Yilmaz, Nilufer1
  • Sahin, Hatice1
  • Nazli, Aylin2
  • 1 Ege University School of Medicine Department of Medical Education, Izmir, Turkey
  • 2 Ege University School of Letters Department of Sociology, Izmir, Turkey
Type
Published Article
Journal
International Journal of Medical Education
Publisher
IJME
Publication Date
Feb 28, 2020
Volume
11
Pages
62–72
Identifiers
DOI: 10.5116/ijme.5e47.d7de
PMID: 32119648
PMCID: PMC7246129
Source
PubMed Central
Keywords
License
Green

Abstract

Objectives The aim of this study is to determine the adaptation process of international medical school students to university life in Turkey. Methods The mixed method design study, including all the international students (n=127) studying at Ege University School of Medicine, is employed. Qualitative data were collected from 23 students selected by purposive sampling technique. Two instruments were utilized for collecting data: Student Adaptation to College Questionnaire (SACQ) and Brief COPE. Focus group interviews were performed for qualitative data collection. Results The mean SACQ score of the medical students was found to be 407.44 (SD=68.29). The Academic Adjustment category included the themes of educational goals, different studying habits, accommodation, academic advisor, and scholarship. The Social Adjustment category included the themes of social interaction and support, differences, longing for family, discrimination and its effects on social life. The Personal/Emotional adjustment category included themes of psychological and physiological health problems. The Goal Commitment/Institutional Attachment category included themes of academic and social adaptation as well as the student’ communication with education management. Conclusions This study identifies to light critical issues in supporting international students with adaptation problems to university life in Turkey. It is clear that revising the content of education programs to enable international exchange is not sufficient enough by itself to meet the needs of international students.

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